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“特定力量训练系统及其组件”337调查案件分析

来源:专品汇--江苏省应对美国337调查公平贸易工作站 发布日期:2020-01-17 阅读:72

  2018年10月1日,美国国际贸易委员会(ITC)投票决定对特定力量训练系统及其组件(Certain Strength-Training Systems and Components Thereof)启动337调查(调查编码:337-TA-1135),主张对美出口、在美进口及销售的特定力量训练系统及其组件(Strength-Training Systems and Components Thereof)侵犯了其专利权(美国注册专利号US7549949、US7563209、US7594880、US7654938、US7976440)。中国企业山东英吉多健康产业有限公司、美国企业塔夫健身材料国际有限公司2家企业被列名被告。

  1、涉案专利分析

  本案涉案专利为US7549949、US7563209、US7594880、US7654938、US7976440,这5件涉案专利互为同族专利,其专利族规模为20件,均为美国专利,且全部为有效专利。

  (1)首先,这5件涉案专利的详情如下所示。

  l US7549949

  专利名称:Chest press exercise machine has a self-aligning pivoting user support

  

  申 请 日:2007/8/28

  专利简介:A chest press exercise machine has a self-aligning pivoting user support on a main frame and an exercise arm which is linked to the pivoting user support to translate movement of the exercise arm into movement of the user support. A user support pivot which may be a single pivot, floating pivot link, or four-bar pivot linkage arrangement pivotally connects the user support to the main frame. A connecting link is movably associated with the user engagement device or exercise arm and at least one of the main frame, user support, or user support pivot. The user support pivot is positioned so that part of the combined weight of the user and user support is positioned on both sides of the gravitational centerline throughout the exercise movement and a portion of the combined weight passes through the centerline to redistribute the weight as the exercise arm is moved.

  胸部按压锻炼机在主框架和锻炼臂上具有自对准枢转用户支撑,该锻炼臂连接到枢转用户支撑件以将锻炼臂的运动转换成用户支撑件的运动。用户支撑枢轴可以是单个枢轴,浮动枢轴连杆或四杆枢轴连杆装置,其将用户支撑件枢转地连接到主框架。连接链节可移动地与用户接合装置或锻炼臂以及主框架,用户支撑或用户支撑枢轴中的至少一个相关联。用户支撑枢轴定位成使得用户和用户支撑的组合重量的一部分在整个锻炼运动中定位在重力中心线的两侧,并且组合重量的一部分穿过中心线以重新分配重量作为锻炼手臂被移动。

  l US7563209

  专利名称:Leg exercise machine with self-aligning pivoting seat

  

  申 请 日:2007/8/28

  专利简介:An isolation exercise machine for exercising one muscle group has a user support which is pivotally mounted on a main frame by a pivotal mounting system. A user engaging exercise arm is pivotally connected to the user support, and a connecting link links movement of the user exercise arm to movement in the user support. A load provides resistance to movement of the user support, exercise arm and/or connecting link. The pivotal mounting system is configured to place the user support seat in a relatively flat position in the rest or exercise start position and to recline and change the seat angle to an inclined position as the exercise arm is moved.

  用于锻炼一个肌肉群的隔离锻炼机具有用户支撑件,该用户支撑件通过枢转安装系统可枢转地安装在主框架上。 用户接合锻炼臂可枢转地连接到用户支撑件,并且连接链节将用户锻炼臂的运动链接到用户支撑件中的运动。负载提供对用户支撑,锻炼臂和/或连接链接的移动的阻力。 枢转安装系统构造成将使用者支撑座置于静止或锻炼开始位置中的相对平坦的位置,并且当锻炼臂移动时将座椅角度倾斜并改变到倾斜位置。

  l US7594880

  专利名称:Self-aligning pivoting seat exercise machine

  申 请 日:2008/6/4

  专利简介:An exercise machine has a main frame with a pivot mount, a user support frame pivotally mounted on the pivot mount, the pivot mount defining a vertical, gravitational center line, an exercise arm movably mounted for engagement by the user in performing exercises, a connecting link linking movement of the exercise arm to movement of the user support frame, and a load for resisting movement of at least one of the moving parts.; Movement of the user engagement device in an exercise movement simultaneously moves the user support frame between a start and an end position, the pivot mount being positioned at a predetermined location under the user support frame, such that portions of the combined weight of the user and user support frame are distributed on each side of the gravitational centerline throughout the entire exercise movement and only a portion of the combined weight passes through the gravitational centerline during the exercise movement.

  一种健身器具有带有枢轴安装架的主框架,可枢转地安装在枢轴安装座上的用户支撑框架,限定垂直重力中心线的枢轴安装架,可移动地安装的锻炼臂,用于在进行锻炼时与使用者接合,连接链接连接锻炼臂的运动到用户支撑框架的运动,以及用于阻止至少一个运动部件运动的负载。 ;用户接合装置在锻炼运动中的运动同时使用户支撑框架在开始和结束位置之间移动,枢轴安装件定位在用户支撑框架下方的预定位置处,使得用户的组合重量的一部分和用户支撑框架在整个锻炼运动中分布在重力中心线的每一侧,并且在锻炼运动期间仅组合重量的一部分穿过重力中心线。

  l US7654938

  专利名称:Exercise machine with pivoting user support having multiple pivot linkage

  

  申 请 日:2008/6/4

  专利简介:An exercise machine has a main frame, a user support frame which supports a user in an exercise position, and a multiple pivot assembly pivotally mounting the user support frame for movement between a start position and an end position. The pivot assembly has multiple pivots which define a theoretical pivot axis of the user support pivotal movement and a vertical gravitational center line which extends through the theoretical pivot axis. The user support frame has at least a primary support and a secondary support for supporting spaced positions on a user's body throughout an exercise movement. A user engagement device is movably mounted relative to the frames for engagement by the user in performing exercises, and a multiple part connecting linkage translates movement of the user engagement device to rotational movement of the user support frame.; A load resists movement of at least one of the user support, user engagement device, and connecting linkage.

  一种健身器具有主框架,用户支撑框架,其支撑使用者处于锻炼位置,以及多个枢轴组件,其枢转地安装用户支撑框架以在起始位置和结束位置之间移动。枢轴组件具有多个枢轴,其限定了用户支撑枢转运动的理论枢转轴线和垂直重力中心线,该垂直重力中心线延伸穿过理论枢转轴线。用户支撑框架至少具有主支撑件和辅助支撑件,用于在整个锻炼运动期间支撑用户身体上的间隔位置。用户接合装置相对于框架可移动地安装,以便用户在进行锻炼时接合,并且多部件连接连杆将用户接合装置的运动转换成用户支撑框架的旋转运动。;负载抵抗用户支撑,用户接合设备和连接链接中的至少一个的移动。

   l US7976440

  专利名称:Upper back exercise machine with self-aligning pivoting user support

  

  专利简介:An exercise machine has a main frame and a user support frame pivotally mounted relative to the main frame for rotation between start and end positions. The user support frame supports spaced positions on a user's body throughout an exercise movement. A user engagement device is movably mounted relative to the frames and has at least one handle gripped by the user in performing exercises, and a connecting linkage translates movement of the user engagement device to rotational movement of the user support frame. A load resists movement of at least one of the user support, user engagement device, and connecting linkage. The user engagement device is at least partially non-rigid to allow a user to define the path of the handle and thus the type of back exercise performed.

  一种健身器具有主框架和相对于主框架枢转地安装的用户支撑框架,用于在起始位置和结束位置之间旋转。用户支撑框架在整个锻炼运动期间支撑用户身体上的间隔位置。用户接合装置相对于框架可移动地安装并且具有至少一个由用户在进行锻炼时抓握的把手,并且连接连杆将用户接合装置的运动转换为用户支撑框架的旋转运动。负载抵抗用户支撑,用户接合设备和连接链接中的至少一个的移动。用户接合装置至少部分地是非刚性的,以允许用户定义手柄的路径并因此限定所执行的背部锻炼的类型。

  (2)这5件专利的同族信息如下。

 

表1 涉案专利的同族信息

序号

专利名称

公开号

申请日

法律状态

1

CHEST PRESS EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自动调心枢转使用者支撑的胸部按压健身器)

US7549949

20070828

有效专利

2

LEG EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING SEAT

(具有自对准枢转座的腿锻炼机)

US7563209

20070828

有效专利

3

Self-aligning pivoting seat exercise machine

(自动对准枢轴座椅锻炼机)

US7594880

20030804

有效专利

4

EXERCISE MACHINE WITH PIVOTING USER SUPPORT HAVING MULTIPLE PIVOT LINKAGE

(具有多个枢转连杆的枢转用户支撑的锻炼机)

US7654938

20080604

有效专利

5

ARM EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自对准枢转用户支撑的手臂锻炼机)

US7654940

20070830

有效专利

6

CHEST PRESS EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自动调心枢转使用者支撑的胸部按压健身器)

US7670269

20070828

有效专利

7

EXERCISE MACHINE WITH PIVOTING USER SUPPORT HAVING MULTIPLE PIVOT LINKAGE

(具有多个枢转连杆的枢转用户支撑的锻炼机)

US7731638

20080609

有效专利

8

ROWING EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自对准枢转的使用者支撑的划船练习机)

US7766802

20080418

有效专利

9

LAT EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自对准枢转用户支撑的大倾角练习机)

US7794371

20070831

有效专利

10

LEG PRESS EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING SEAT

(具有自对准枢转座的腿压练习机)

US7878953

20080311

有效专利

11

MULTI-STATION EXERCISE MACHINE

(多工位练习机)

US7901335

20080619

有效专利

12

ARM EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自对准枢转用户支撑的手臂锻炼机)

US7901337

20090925

有效专利

13

EXERCISE MACHINE WITH PIVOTING USER SUPPORT HAVING MULTIPLE PIVOT LINKAGE

(具有多个枢转连杆的枢转用户支撑的锻炼机)

US7963890

20080328

有效专利

14

UPPER BACK EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自对准枢转的使用者支撑的上背部锻炼机)

US7976440

20080401

有效专利

15

Exercise machine with multi-function user engagement device

(具有多功能用户参与装置的健身机)

US7981010

20080917

有效专利

16

LEG PRESS EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING SEAT

(具有自对准枢转座的腿压练习机)

US7988603

20100831

有效专利

17

Pectoral fly exercise machine

(胸鳍练习机)

US7993251

20081203

有效专利

18

CHEST PRESS EXERCISE MACHINE WITH SELF-ALIGNING PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(具有自动调心枢转使用者支撑的胸部按压健身器)

US8002679

20080520

有效专利

19

Exercise machine with multi-function user engagement device

(具有多功能用户参与装置的健身机)

US8162807

20100830

有效专利

20

 EXERCISE MACHINE WITH PIVOTING USER SUPPORT

(旋转式用户支撑练习机)

US8317665

20101007

有效专利

  注:序号1-5为本案涉案专利。

  2、被指控侵权的权利要求

  下面分析5件涉案专利被指控侵权的具体权利要求,权利要求结构图中蓝色标记为被指控侵权的权利要求。

  l US7549949

  该专利共24项权利要求,其中,独立权利要求5项,分别是第1、2、7、8、9、23项权利要求,被指控侵权的权利要求为第2、8、23项。

  l US7563209

  该专利共25项权利要求,其中,独立权利要求5项,分别是第1、6、21、24、25项权利要求,被指控侵权的权利要求为第6、21项。

  

  l US7594880

  该专利共23项权利要求,其中,独立权利要求5项,分别是第1、9、16、21、22项权利要求,被指控侵权的权利要求为第6、21项。

  

  l US7654938

  该专利共30项权利要求,其中,独立权利要求2项,分别是第第1、30项权利要求,被指控侵权的权利要求为第1、12、13项。

  

  l US7976440

  该专利共25项权利要求,其中,独立权利要求7项,分别是第1、5、10、12、13、20、24项权利要求,被指控侵权的权利要求为第5、12、13、20项。

  3、案件总结及应诉建议

  (1)积极应诉

  从企业角度,被告如果不应诉,会被认定为是缺席被告。即使同案其他企业应诉成功,USITC仍会做出缺席裁定,认定对缺席被告的指控是真实的,对缺席被告立即采取救济措施。而应诉后,即使最后和解,也可以增大和解筹码,争取降低赔偿。从产业角度,该案极有可能酝酿着接踵而来的其他337调查,如果立案企业能够轻易达到目的,必会故技重施,我国将会有更多的企业被该立案企业337调查。

  (2)侵权比对

证明产品不侵权是应诉的首先方案。建议首先进行产品侵权比对,我站将为企业提供侵权比对服务。

  (3)规避设计

  如果存在侵权,对涉案专利的技术方案进行研究,找出其在保护范围上存在的漏洞,利用这些漏洞,设计出新的产品或者对此前涉嫌侵权的产品进行改造,从而避开涉案知识产权的保护范围。针对规避设计,工作站给予的重要提示是:涉案的5件专利,在美国的还有其他15件同族专利,规避设计要将涉案专利的其他美国同族、接续案等纳入技术研究范围。